All persons intending to sell bulk or bottled water in Nevada must obtain a permit from the Division of Public and Behavioral Health, Environmental Health Section. Water sources originating or being bottled in Nevada requires a State permit. Water sources originating or being bottled from outside of Nevada must also receive an out of state permit. This is to verify that the bottled water is from an approved source which is properly protected, labeled, tested for contaminants and inspected to verify that it is bottled in a sanitary manner.
The Bottled Water Program is designed to protect and promote the health and safety of the people of Nevada by ensuring that water bottlers adhere to quality, standards of identity, and manufacturing practice standards set by the Food and Drug Administration and Nevada Administrative Code 445A.
Defining "Bottled Water"
Under FDA labeling rules, bottled water includes products labeled:
- Bottled Water
- Drinking Water
- Artesian Water
- Mineral Water
- Sparkling Water
- Purified Water
- Reverse Osmosis Water
- Waters with added carbonation, soda water (or club soda), tonic water and seltzer historically are regulated by FDA as soft drinks.
Flavored Water and Nutrient-Added Water Beverages
New types of flavored and/or nutrient-added water beverages have begun to appear in stores and on food service menus. Some are simply bottled water with flavoring, others may also contain added nutrients such as vitamins, electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and amino acids. The bottled water ingredients of these flavored and nutrient-added water beverages must meet the bottled water requirements if the term "water" is highlighted on the label as in, for example, a product named Berry Flavored Spring Water Beverage. In addition, the flavorings and nutrients added to these beverages must comply with all applicable FDA safety requirements and they must be identified in the ingredient list on the label.
- Quality Standards: include the annual chemical analysis to determine what, if any, contaminates are in the water.
- Good Manufacturing Practices: govern such areas as plant and ground maintenance, sanitary maintenance of the building, fixtures and plumbing.
- Standards of Identity: (Labeling Regulations) established standard definitions of terms found on bottled water labels.
Bottled water is defined as intended for human consumption, sealed in bottles or other containers, and has no added ingredients, except that it may contain safe and suitable antimicrobial agents.